Step By Step Instructions For Growing Muskmelons
There are fewer things nicer in my summer kitchen than sun-ripened
muskmelons filled with vanilla ice cream.
I don't care whether we're talking muskmelon or cantaloupe, I'm a big
For early and reliable crops in the USDA zones 5 and colder, sow inside
around the middle of April to the beginning of May. Sow two to three
seeds to a four inch pot and plan on thinning to the strongest seed
when the vines get four to six inches tall.
You *must* have warm soil to germinate melons (70F) and you'll find the
seed will germinate within 10 days. Cool soil will rot the seed.
The next step, after all danger of frost has disappeared is to harden
off the seedlings and plant. If you are serious about growing great
muskmelons, try this trick. Take a black garbage bag (green works well
too) and slit it so that it becomes one large sheet of plastic. Lay
this down in the garden and bury the edges so they don't flap or flop
around. Do this two weeks before you want to transplant your melons.
The plastic will heat up the soil.
Around the middle of June when you want to transplant, make a slit in
the plastic, take the plant ouf of the pot (carefully so you don't
wreck the roots) and plant in the now-warm soil. Leave the plastic in
place until mid-summer when it should be removed as it will begin to
heat up the soil too much for good crops.
If you have a heat retaining fabric (available from good garden
centres) you can lay it over the plants and tuck the edges down so it
doesn't flap about.
Remove it when the plants start to produce flowers to allow bees to
pollinate your melons.
Watch For Birds
And do watch for birds that get trapped under the row-cover, they can
make a mess of things and it will happen.
Vine roots are very shallow so any cultivating has to be done
carefully. And never move muskmelon vines as they really resent being
moved about and will respond by wilting and sometimes simply dying.
Having said all that, you can sow the seed outdoors in mid-June but
understand that cool seasons will slow germination and eventual fruit
production drastically unless you live in a much warmer gardening area
than my USDA zone 4.