Growing Brussels Sprouts For Higher Yields

Brussel sprouts are one of those plants that you either hate or love. There's very little room in the middle on this one.

If you love 'em, you'll be really pleased to know how easy they are to grow.

brussels sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

Treat As Late Cabbage

For the most part, treat this plant as you would a late cabbage crop. It is so easy to sow it outdoors and have it grow, that starter plants should be outlawed.

After the last frost (end of May) sow seed very thinly at one to two seeds per inch approximately one quarter inch deep. Do not bury too deeply. About a month later when the plants have four true leaves, thin out the row so that plants are spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

Transplant Excess Seedlings

Excess seedlings can be carefully dug up and transplanted to give you a longer row. They move quite easily at this stage.

As with other members of the cabbage family, Brussel sprouts like an open soil with good drainage and they do very well with soils high on organic matter. An even supply of water will produce a significant number of sprouts for harvest.


With a well-grown plant, you can figure on 75 small sprouts per plant. Harvest when they reach an inch across and start from the bottom up. Work your way up the plant. You will find that this plant is very frost tolerant and that sprouts that have been lightly frosted seem sweeter than those harvested before frost. You should be able to harvest four to five times to get all the sprouts over a five to six week window.

If severe frosts are threatened in your area, you can pull the entire plant out of the ground (roots and all) and hang it upside down in a frost free area. Continue to harvest the sprouts until they are are gone. Compost the remaining plant.

Proper Care

You'll get much higher yields if you ensure your soil is well fed; preferably with a good compost before the season starts and an application of fish emulsion during the season to keep this plant growing.

Pests are the same as for any of the cabbage family and you'll have to watch for both aphids and cabbageworms. Generally, we don't see much of any other pest.

Book cover Vegetable Gardening

And Brussel sprouts are acceptable with butter and lemon when not overcooked. I'm told they freeze well but not being one to prolong the agony, I''ll let you experiment with that. I just grow 'em and tell you how to do it.

Shopping Resources for this Page

Vegetable seeds and plants from multiple suppliers can be found here for all your vegetable gardening needs

You can find all of Doug's ebooks here

Want A Stunning Garden? Click Here For Your Free Lessons